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2018年军队职称考试——军队职称英语20

来源: 2018-02-05 11:23:33

  Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C,and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

快乐网彩票  Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:

  Washington D.C. was the first city in history to be created solely for the purpose of governance. Following the Revolution, members of Congress had hotly debated the question of a permanent home for themselves and for departments, such as the Treasury, the Patent Office, and so on, which even the sketchiest of central government would feel obliged to establish. In 1790, largely in order to put an end to congressional bickering, George Washington was charged with selecting a site for the newly designated federal district. Not much to anyone's surprise but to the disappointment of many, he chose a tract of land on the banks of the Potomac River, a few miles upstream from his beloved plantation, Mount Vernon.

  The District of Columbia was taken in part from Virginia and in part from Maryland. At the time it was laid out, its hundred square miles consisted of gently rolling hills, some under cultivation and the rest heavily wooded, with a number of creeks and much swampy land along the Potomac. There is now a section of Washington that is commonly referred to as Foggy Bottom; that section bore the same nickname a hundred and eighty years ago. Two port cities, Alexandria and Georgetown, flourished within sight of the new capital and gave it access by ship to the most important cities of the infant nation--Harleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Newport, Salem, and Portsmouth--and also to the far-off ports of England and the Continent.

快乐网彩票  41. What is the main topic of the passage?

  A. The role of George Washington in the American Revolution

快乐网彩票  B. The first years of the United States Congress

  C. The governing of the federal district

快乐网彩票  D. The founding of Washington, D.C.

快乐网彩票  42. In 1790 a large part of the federal district was .

  A. seashore B. village squares C. wilderness D. a flourishing port

快乐网彩票  43. It can be inferred from the passage that the item "Foggy Bottom" in the second paragraph refers to a section of Washington, D.C. that .

快乐网彩票  A. has the lowest population in the district

快乐网彩票  B. used to be the site of the national weather station

快乐网彩票  C. used to be mostly swampland

  D. lies at the bottom of Mount Vernon

  44. Which of the following conclusions about the federal district is supported by the passage?

  A. George Washington's choice pleased almost everyone.

  B. Mount Vernon was not chosen because it was too close to the river.

  C. Congress was unable to agree on a location.

  D. Congress did not believe that a home for the federal government was necessary.

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